Originally the silk was very colourful in … In 1464, Eric's cousin Otto III of Pomerania-Stettin died of the Black Death, leaving both Eric and Wartislaw as well as Brandenburg's Frederick II with claims for inheritance. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. It showed his interest in Danish trade and naval power, but also permanently challenged the other Baltic powers, especially the Hanseatic cities against which he also fought. King Eirik III of Pomerania (a.k.a. Eric of Pomerania was no more than six at the time when he was bestowed as the future king by Margaret. He was buried in Eldena Abbey near Greifswald and was succeeded by his son Bogislaw X. Eric II married Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp. ", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Eric_of_Pomerania?oldid=4375639. On 8 September 1389, he was hailed as King of Norway at the Ting in Trondheim. His mother the Dowager Queen of Norway had added the phrase "the true heir of Sweden" to Boguslaw's list of titles at his coronation. The emperor ordered Erich II and Wartislaw X to recognize the suzerainty of Brandenburg. In 1389 he was brought to Denmark to be brought up by Queen Margaret. Eric of Pomerania (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was the ruler of the Kalmar Union from 1396 until 1439, succeeding his grandaunt, Queen Margaret I.He is numbered Eric III as King of Norway (1389–1442), Eric VII as King of Denmark (1396–1439) and Eric XIII [lower-alpha 1] as King of Sweden (1396–1434, 1436–39). After the abdication, the Swedish nobles, led by Bo Jonsson (Grip), had invited Count Albert of Mecklenburg to take the Swedish throne. It took until 1395 for Margaret to force Albert's supporters out of Stockholm. When the Danish nobility opposed his rule and refused to ratify his choice of Bogislaw IX, Duke of Pomerania as the next King of Denmark, he left Denmark and settled at his castle Visborg in Gotland, apparently a kind of a “royal strike” which led to his deposition by the National Councils of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus) XIII (VIII) of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). During the 1430s the policy of the king fell apart. In 1456, Eric took over … His maternal grandparents were Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg and Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg. Eric) 1389-1442 . In 1451, Wartislaw IX arranged his son's marriage to Sophia, daughter of Bogislaw IX of Pomerania-Stolp and heiress of Eric I of Pomerania-Stolp, who had also been king of the Kalmar Union. Notable Actors and Actresses: 15 actors, 1 actor/comedian. He reputedly refused the offer. Also, Eric I arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric II on 3 January 1455 as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights. He belonged to the Griffin Dynasty and reigned for 43 years. The belt of Eric of Pomerania. Eric of Pomerania was King Eric III of Norway (1389–1442) Norwegian Eirik, King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King of Sweden (1396–1439) known there mainly as Erik av Pommern. In 1388, several of the Swedish nobles wrote secretly to Margaret telling her that if she could rid them of Albert, they would make her Regent. The statement is difficult to agree or disagree with because it is tied to a historical past when trade and trade routes were controlled by kings helping them earn revenues for themselves and their kingdoms. Their son Albert was a rival of Olaf Haakonsson in regard to the Danish succession in 1375. His name was changed to the more Nordic-sounding Erik. Shipping and handling. Christopher, his successor, died in 1448, long before Eric himself. Almost the whole of Eric’s sole rule was affected by his long-standing conflict with the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlier rival, Count Theodoric of Oldenburg. Grolier Inc. 1999. as Eric I. The nobles, including his former supporter Bo Jonsson Grip, Sweden's largest landowner who controlled a third of the entirety of the Swedish territory and had the largest non-royal wealth in the country, soon conspired to get rid of him, resenting his attempts to restrict the traditional privileges of the nobility, as well as his use of German officials to fill important administrative positions in the Swedish provinces. With his wife, he had nine children: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eric_II,_Duke_of_Pomerania&oldid=951142727, Medieval nobility of the Holy Roman Empire, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 April 2020, at 18:25. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlie… The campaigns were ended by the Peace of Prenzlau of 31 May 1472 and the Pomeranian dukes gave the pledge of allegiance to the elector. In 1424, a verdict of the Holy Roman Empire by Sigismund, King of Germany, recognising Eric as the legal ruler of South Jutland, was ignored by the Holsteiners. But with the King isolated in Gotland, the Norwegian nobility also felt compelled to depose him in 1440. Boguslaw's claim to the Swedish throne came through his great-granduncle, Magnus IV of Sweden, who was forced to abdicate by the Swedish nobles. DENMARK, ERIC OF POMERANIA (1396–1439) COPPER STERLING Each additional item (coin,banknote,badge,postcard,stamp, etc.) The English side wanted these weddings to seal an offensive alliance between the Nordic kingdoms and England, which could have led to the involvement of the Nordic union on the English side in the ongoing Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. Name: Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania (Born Bogislav of Pomerania). Greifen von Pommern-Wolgast, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, was born circa1425 to Wartislaw IX. Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow led the burghers of Greifswald and Stralsund in an attempt to arrest Eric. Margaret lost no time and sent an army into Sweden to attack Albert while the Swedish nobles raised their own army to drive him out of the country. From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie), The Encyclopedia Americana. He had already nominally been King of Sweden for … In further disrespect of the city's rights he ordered local peasants to aid him. Upon Eric I's death, in 1459 Eric II gained Pomerania-Stolp and Pomerania-Rügenwalde due to the claims of his wife. Royal seal of Eric of Pomerania (1398) depicting: (Centre): a lion rampant crowned maintaining an axe (representing Norway) within an inescutcheon upon a cross over all; Quarterly: in Dexter Chief, three lions passant in pale crowned and maintaining a Danebrog upon a semy of hearts (representing Denmark); in Sinister Chief: three crowns (representing Sweden or the Kalmar Union); in Dexter Base: a lion rampant (Folkung lion) (representing Sweden); and in Sinister Base: a griffin segreant to sinister (representing Pomerania). In 1440, Eric, having been deposed in Denmark and Sweden, was succeeded by his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria, who had been chosen for the thrones. Referring to Eric of Pomerania as King Eric XIII of Sweden[2] is a later invention, counting backwards from Eric XIV (1560–1568), who adopted his numeral according to a fictitious history of Sweden. At the same time, a union treaty was drafted, declaring the establishment of what has become known as the Kalmar Union. von Pommern (c1400-1457) and Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg (c1395-1462) and died 5 July 1474 inWolgast of unspecified causes. We would also like to celebrate that we have now over 10300 followers on Facebook The belt is tablet woven in silk and gilded silver. On 17 June 1397, he was crowned a king of the three Nordic countries in the cathedral of Kalmar. He was 14 when he married his 12-year-old English wife, Princess Philippa, and just 15 when he was crowned as sovereign king in the ancient town of Kalmar, Rikets Nyekel –the key of the kingdom. Also, Eric I arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric II on January 3, 1455, as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights. found: Wikipedia website, 19 January 2015: Philippa of England (4 June 1394 - 5 January 1430, also known as Philippa of Lancaster, she was the Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway from 1406-1430, she was the consort to Eric of Pomerania who ruled three kingdoms, she was daughter of Henry Bolingbroke and his wife Mary de Bohun) After he had been deposed as king in Sweden and Denmark, the Norwegian Riksråd remained loyal to him, and wanted him to remain king of Norway only. Thank You for bidding! The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrologies and testaments. From contemporary sources, Eric appears as intelligent, visionary, energetic and a firm character. The wedding was accompanied by a purely defensive alliance with England. [7], Eric's full title was: King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania[8], 18th century monument in Landskrona inscription states that the town was founded by king Erik XIII in 1413, Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarkshistorie, book 6, 1400 – 1500, by Troels Dahlerup, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg, His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. He may have been crowned King of Norway in Oslo in 1392, but this is disputed. He was Eric VII of Denmark, Eric III of Norway and has been counted as Eric XIII of Sweden, but never numbered himself that way. Although the burghers captured his guards, Eric managed to escape. Eric (XIII) or Eric of Pomerania (the Pomeranian), in Swedish Erik av Pommern, was a Polish prince who lived 1382-1459 and became King of Norway as Eric III 1389-1442 and King of Denmark and Sweden 1396-1439, in Denmark as Eric VII. In 1389, Albert's forces were defeated at the Battle of Falköping in Västergötland. Upon the death in 1412 of Queen Regnant Margaret the Great, who was his great aunt and had adopted him, Eric ruled the three kingdoms himself. The marriage of these distant relatives granted Eric II access to Eric I's lands in Farther Pomerania. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 3 May 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus)[1] of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). 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